Discussion of autoclave

Write about the topic and discuss about it till the time we are done with this challenge

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What is autoclave? What is it useful for?

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An autoclave is a pressure chamber used to carry out industrial processes requiring elevated temperature and pressure different from ambient air pressure. Autoclaves are used in medical applications to perform sterilization and in the chemical industry to cure coatings and vulcanize rubber and for hydrothermal synthesis. Industrial autoclaves are used in industrial applications, especially regarding composites.

Many autoclaves are used to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to pressurized saturated steam at 121 °C (249 °F) for around 15-20 minutes depending on the size of the load and the contents [1] The autoclave was invented by Charles Chamberland in 1884,[2] although a precursor known as the steam digester was created by Denis Papin in 1679.[3] The name comes from Greek auto- , ultimately meaning self, and Latin clavis meaning key, thus a self-locking device.[4]

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Why is steam used to kill bacteria instead of boiling water?

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Autoclaves provide a physical method for disinfection and sterilization. They work with a combination of steam, pressure and time. Autoclaves operate at high temperature and pressure in order to kill microorganisms and spores.

They are used to decontaminate certain biological waste and sterilize media, instruments and lab ware. Regulated medical waste that might contain bacteria, viruses and other biological material are recommended to be inactivated by autoclaving before disposal.

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The extra pressure in an autoclave means that water boils at a temperature higher than its normal boiling point—roughly 20°C hotter—so it holds and carries more heat and kills microbes more effectively.

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Well done boys​:+1::+1: we have done a very great job

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yeah!!! we have done a great jobs and we enjoyed it!!

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